The northern villages of Cracow have always been extremely important for the city, which is why it is not easy to choose the most interesting issues of Łobzów throughout the history of Cracow. Today I will focus on a few very old ones, those that have actually influenced the history of the city, and in addition have a special sentimental meaning, shaping the identity of this place on the map of Cracow.
Just a few steps from our apartment, you can touch the walls of the Royal Palace in Łobzów, or take a walk along the alley marked out by the former channel of the Młynówka Królewska. Nineteenth century villas that still remember the mainstream of Młynówka and a great plate from the time when the trough was covered. Wooden houses with gardens and the first Cracovian skyscraper. Urbanistic mess, or a walk full of surprises? Convince yourself.
Already in the 13th century, Młynówka Królewska was flowing through Łobzów. It was an important engineering venture, a channel leading the Rudawa river up to the Dominican Church, crossing the Main Square. This earth aqueduct was commissioned by Władysław Łokietek and changed the face of Cracow.
Along the Młynówka as the name suggests, mills were created, which not only had grain for flour and groats. Fullers who slaughtered the cloth worked on them, as well as knives which were sharpened in there. Mills on Młynówka were thriving enterprises that give jobs and support to many people. Today on Dolnych Młynów street, you can try a tasty vegan burger and instead of the sound of water driving mill wheels, to be pensive listening to the noise of the coffee conversations. People kept fishes in the waters of Młynówka, irrigated the fields by it and also water the cattle. Many generations of Cracovian craftsmen worked at its banks: skin dyers, potters, purse-makers, feeders and brewers. In the vicinity of the Market, the water of Młynówka entered the aqueducts, which distributed them to burgher houses, and even to Wawel itself. In the 1960s, Młynówka was filled up. Unpeaked elements of the channel can be viewed, for example, in Mydlniki. Recently, water began to appear there after 50 years of dry spell.
Młynówka on the Łobzów section is now a very long park. It has the form of an alley along which a bicycle path runs. Planted with trees, charming corners with playgrounds, benches and even a small library in the open air. Today, it is hard to believe that water once flowed here. Its last witnesses and evidence for its existence are old elms – natural monuments, which you will find a few minutes from our apartment.
If you already find Młynówka, only a few minutes separates you from the Royal Palace in Łobzów. The history of today’s extensive and representative residence dates back to the 14th century. Kazimierz Wielki built a fortalicium on the trade route leading to Silesia. It was a castle with a tower whose function was to defend the city from the north. The King’s plan foresaw another role for it – his lovers lived here. The most famous of them and most beloved by the king was the legendary Esterka.
For generations, the Esterka mound was located in the area of the later palace foundation. Today, it’s hard to find it, although some people say they can indicate its place. Over time, the fortified character of the building softened the charm of the area and peaceful times. King after the king came to Łobzów treating it as a summer residence, expanding and rebuilding in a new style.
The palace was surrounded by orchards, farmlands, gardens and granges. The Queen Bona Sforza, arrived here with her Italian. She was also known for her culinary tastes.
Subsequent kings grew even figs and melons here, putting a lot of effort into this undertaking. “This place seemed to me to be the most beautiful, nature itself has made it to decorate it… I saw here a few centuries old trees, arbors from huge hornbeams, sky-high firs, streets so condensed that the sunlight will not squeeze through them and I have walked on them with the great king’s shadows and his beautiful lover “-Jan Duklan Ochocki.
Throughout history, the palace was often destroyed and rebuilt, only Wazowie lost interest in it. Unfortunately, today there are blocks of flats on the Royal chernozems. We will come across a mysterious stone wall while walking between them, and behind the wall… a garden?
Yes, this is the wall of the old palace. Now it covers an unusual store – a truly enchanted garden. Even if you don’t intend to buy lime trees or hydrangeas, you should visit it – it’s worth it.
Today, the palace belongs to the Cracow University of Technology, and within the park there is a sports stadium with a running track (there probably should be found the Esterka mound), tennis courts, and if you come to us with kids, you will find a very nice playground there.
At the end of today’s post I would like to mention the most important streets of Łobzów: Kazimierz Wielki and Królewska. Our flat is in between them.
On the left, a very tasteful furniture store (until today it has survived in the form of the deteriorated style). In the background, you can see a tall brick house. There is now a building between the first and the second plan. In the picture on the right you can see Biprostal in the construction phase. As you can easy conjecture, this technical wonder is older than our apartment – the discovery of these photos was a surprise to me. Our building was originally built with kitchens and tiled stoves, and next to it was a real skyscraper.
The history of Kazimierz Wielki street dates back to the Middle Ages. At that time it was a route marking Kazimierz Wielki the way to his beloved Esterka, waiting for him at the castle in Łobzów. Before the war, when there was no Królewska street, it was used for trams, and beautiful villas for professors from the University and rich entrepreneurs. In order not to look far, in front of our apartment there is a beautifully revitalized villa of the professor at the Fryderyk Pautsch Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow.
You can enjoy a coffee or a snack in a lovely garden in there. If you would like to see more buildings like that, we recommend a walk towards the Market Square – around the Aksentowicz Square.
In 1913, the construction of Królewska street has started, which is now the main street connecting Market Square and Bronowice with a brilliant tram connection. In this way, in 5 minutes from our flat on Karmelicka, we will move to that in Łobzów and vice versa. They are only separated by 3 stops, and on foot it won’t take us more than 20 minutes.
During the Second World War, Germany completed the construction of Królewska street. They planned and built a whole residential estate along the street with infrastructure for 40,000 of their citizens. Like blocks of flats, but built according to the principle of Licht und Luft (light and air) give an example of thoughtful and pleasant to live architecture.
As in the war, the system of shelters was not spared, the largest of which is located under the Park Krakowski. It is sometimes opened to visitors. Our building also has its own modest shelter, although it was created when there were no long-time occupants in Cracow. In 1941 the tram line from Kazimierz Wielki to Królewska was moved.
You have to mention Biprostal when writing about Królewska. The first ultramodern skyscraper in Cracow was built in 1964, at that time our tenement house was being built, right at the foot of the 15-storey tower impressive for those times. Biprostal for 25 years was the highest skyscaper in the city and to this day it arouses considerable sentiment among residents by remaining an icon of local modernism. On its blind wall one can admire perhaps the largest (670m2) in Poland large-format mosaic (Celina Styrylska-Taranczewska). Her fate hang in the balance when in 2008 it was decided to renovate the building. Thanks to the care of the residents and the decision to put in on the monuments list, it is still easy on the eye. Probably not many people manage to enter the roof of the Łobzów colossus, but I can assure that the views from there are wonderful. View from Biprostal to the north Cracow
A little to the right from the center of this photograph you can see the building in which our flat is located. It is located exactly in the middle, between the obscured large trees at Królewska (left side), and Kazimierza Wielkego which is designated by the second greenbelt just before the high-rise buildings (right side).
So in short, selectively and very cursorily, this is how the history of the main arteries of Łobzów looks like. Complex, episodic and very interesting, just like the history of Łobzów itself.
It’s hard to say if warm socks and hat will work as a Christmas gift this year ;). Therefore, we have a cracker for you!
Christmas voucher – up to 20% discount
for the entire next holiday season
in our wonderful flat
in the heart of Cracow.
“Apartment as described, renovated and well-groomed in a tenement house (place 3,7 m high), two independent rooms, separate kitchen, great location and at the same time there is no noise from the street, nice and warm housekeeper, we have spent in the apartment over a week, we highly recommend it.” Krzysztof.„We stayed here for over a month (…). We loved the location with tons of restaurants and bars within walking distance. The tram line outside will get you anywhere within the city and old town is within walking distance. Our kids liked the loft bed and theirs an excellent park close by. Would highly recommend.” Stephen“Excellent apartment, I traveled with my family (4 people) and we were very comfortable. The apartment has everything you need and even more. Monika is very kind and even though our flight was late, she had no problem waiting for us at the apartment. Totally recommended, and many thanks Monka! “Juan
What we offer?
The beautiful, atmospheric apartment. Two separate bedrooms that can accommodate up to 5 people. Well equipped kitchen with a very hospitable table :). Peace and quiet, comfort, safety.
The old town and all its attractions for the asking. The area is not only full of historical charm, but also bars, cafes, restaurants. Literally there is a tram stop under the gate, you can get anywhere you want from there.
All of this for a very attractive price, because 20% lower than usual.
In addition, you will receive the same voucher in the form of a beautiful, handwritten, gilded card. Each of the cards will be different, unique, made especially for you.
The name and surname of the recipient will be written on the voucher. If you would like to go alone, and invite someone nice (eg: auntie, in-laws, friends, grandchildren) we will write separate vouchers for your guests. In this way, everyone will unwrap their invitation under the Christmas tree. We can send a voucher to you, or to the recipient’s address. The envelope will contain the booking regulations and all necessary contacts.
As a matter of form, read the rules of booking:
The voucher applies to a minimum stay of 4 days for
2-4 people in the apartment at Karmelicka Street 46.
The voucher can be realized by calling 604 372 553,
or writing on firstname.lastname@example.org until 28/02/2017.
The voucher allows you to book an apartment
from 01.07 to 30. 09. 2019.
A 20% discount will be deducted from the value of your stay
calculated by the Airbnb calendar on the day of booking:
You can book only the available dates
according to the current Airbnb calendar.
If you resign before 28/02/2019, the refund will be made
with costs less 3% of the stay value.
7 days before arrival, we will contact you to
set the details and prepare well for your arrival :).
If, despite confirmation, you cancel your arrival after this time,
we will have to deduct 20% from the value of the trip.
Please, think about your plans responsible.
We are waiting for you 😊